The Impact of Modeling Instruction within the Inverted Curriculum

  • Jennifer Dye Pope John Paul II High School, Hendersonville, TN
  • Tom Cheatham Middle Tennessee State University
  • Ginger Holmes Rowell Middle Tennessee State University
  • Angela Barlow Middle Tennessee State University
  • Robert Carlton Middle Tennessee State University
Keywords: college and career ready, PLAN and ACT science scores, modeling instruction, physics first, inverted curriculum


Achievement in science is a national concern, and graduating students who are college and career ready is a national imperative.  In this study, we examine student achievement on the ACT science test in the presence of the modeling instruction pedagogy and the inverted curriculum. Data were gathered over an eight year period as a single high school transitioned from teaching biology, chemistry and physics with a teacher-centric pedagogy (the traditional instructional context) to the inverted curriculum (teaching physics, chemistry and biology with a teacher-centric pedagogy) to using the modeling instruction pedagogy within the inverted curriculum (teaching physics/chemistry/biology in a student-centric inquiry-based pedagogy). Data for students graduating under these three instructional contexts were analyzed to determine if there are potential relationships between student achievement and the instructional context.  On average, ACT science scores and the percentage of students graduation college ready are higher for students learning in the two non-traditional instructional contexts.

Author Biography

Tom Cheatham, Middle Tennessee State University
Former professor in matheatics and computer science, chair of Computer Science at MTSU, dean of College of Basic and Applied Sciences at MTSU, director of TN STEM Education Center.
Manuscripts (Research or Theory)