How Science Learning Activation Enables Success for Youth in Science Learning Experiences

Rena Dorph, Matthew A Cannady, Christian D Schunn


Expanding on recent advances in science education, cognitive and social psychology, and socio-cultural studies, the paper explores a construct called science learning activation and a theoretical framework that describes the characteristics, function, and impact of this construct. Authors define science learning activation as a set of dispositions, skills, and knowledge that commonly enable success in proximal science learning experiences and are in turn influenced by these successes. This study investigated the relationship between four dimensions of science learning activation (fascination, values, competency beliefs, and scientific sensemaking) and three indicators of success (choice, emotional and cognitive/behavioral engagement, and learning) in temporally proximal science learning experiences. Science learning activation, preferences to choose optional science experiences, engagement ratings, and learning outcomes were collected over multiple time points from diverse group of 681 fifth and sixth grade students from two different regions of the United States. Regression analyses, and hierarchical linear models controlling for demographic characteristics, revealed that: choice preferences were predicted by fascination, values, and sensemaking; engagement levels were predicted by competency believes, fascination, and values; and learning outcomes were predicted by scientific sensemaking. Further, successes themselves predicted further growth in activation: growth in fascination, values, and competency belief themselves were predicted by choice preferences and engagement levels; and growth in sensemaking was predicted by content learning.  Thus, science learning activation provides a theory (and corresponding set of measurement tools) for proximal outcomes of early science learning interventions that can produce positive long-term outcomes through a reoccurring reinforcement process wherein the effects of an early intervention can lead toward additional positive effects from subsequent interventions. Conversely, poor experiences can lead to negative attitudes that hinder the next learning experience and eventually away from seeking future science learning opportunities. These findings have implications for theory, practice, and research.


science learning; engagement; choice preferences; motivation; activation

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